Did you know that your fitness conditions, your lifestyle, and your age and family history can heighten your chance for coronary heart disease?

According to the latest WHO records published in 2020, Coronary Heart Disease Deaths in Nigeria reached 61,374 or 4.14% of whole deaths.

Few hazard elements for heart disease cannot be controlled, such as your age or household record. But you can take strides to minimize your threat by way of altering the factors you can control.

Risk elements for developing heart disease include:

Age.
Growing older increases your risk of damaged and narrowed arteries and a weakened or thickened heart muscle.

Sex.
Men are generally at greater risk of heart disease. The risk for women increases after menopause.

Family history.
A family history of heart disease increases your risk of coronary artery disease, especially if a parent developed it at an early age (before age 55 for a male relative, such as your brother or father, and 65 for a female relative, such as your mother or sister).

Smoking.
Nicotine tightens your blood vessels, and carbon monoxide can damage their inner lining, making them more susceptible to atherosclerosis. Heart attacks are more common in smokers than in nonsmokers.

Poor diet.
A diet that’s high in fat, salt, sugar, and cholesterol can contribute to the development of heart disease.

High blood pressure.
Uncontrolled high blood pressure can result in hardening and thickening of your arteries, narrowing the vessels through which blood flows.

High blood cholesterol levels.
High levels of cholesterol in your blood can increase the risk of plaque formation and atherosclerosis.

Diabetes.
Diabetes increases your risk of heart disease. Both conditions share similar risk factors, such as obesity and high blood pressure.

Obesity.
Excess weight typically worsens other heart disease risk factors.

Physical inactivity.
Lack of exercise also is associated with many forms of heart disease and some of its other risk factors as well.

Stress.
Unrelieved stress may damage your arteries and worsen other risk factors for heart disease.

Poor dental health.
It’s important to brush and floss your teeth and gums often, and have regular dental checkups. If your teeth and gums aren’t healthy, germs can enter your bloodstream and travel to your heart, causing endocarditis.

Source: Mayo Clinic

Did you know that at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH) in Enugu, the first open-heart surgery in Nigeria was performed on 1st February 1974?

The team of surgeons included M. Yacoub, F.A. Udekwu, D.C. Nwafor, C.H.

Since then, open-heart surgeries have become routine in the hospital, and UNTH is now recognized as a center of excellence for cardiothoracic medicine.

Take steps to ensure a healthy heart and a healthy life today.